It`s comfortable to use subway in the historical center of St. Petersburg. Unfortunately, metro stations are located irregularly and don`t cover the whole historical center. But the majority of sightseeings of the Northern capital are situated in walking distance from metro stations, so you should certainly use them. If you are going to use subway 10 times and more, then reusable tickets in form of plastic cards will spare your money. As well as metal badges they are sold in ticket offices. To find ticket offices you should get enter halls of sabway. They are usually situated close to turnstiles, organized as windows in the opposite walls. There are information desks close to tickets offices, where you can find the price, working scheme and metro map. It`s important to remember, that making photos even without flash gun or support is forbidden. In November 2012 the Russian Supreme Court confirmed that subway is an object of civil defense, so making photos is possible only with a special permission. At the same time penalties for making photos can not be charged.
St. Petersburg metro scheme
Bus service in St. Petersburg is organized from budget as well as from private transporters. Public buses carry passengers at uniform rate, that is 25 rubles in 2013. Buses, that travel not in the center, can do without conductors. His functions are entrusted on the driver, who let passengers in only through the first door and takes fare. Be careful if you enter a bus with a sign “fare to driver”. In this case you should care in advance, that you appear close to the first door on the bus station. Other doors are open only after servicing passengers, who want to go out.
If in many European countries ecological problems are saved through eco-buses, Russia uses trolleybuses instead of vehicle with ecological fuel. Those who are not acquainted with this transport, can distinguish it through two electro-trolleys on the roof. Trolleybus moves thank for electricity in aerial contact wire. Payment system in trolleybuses is the same as in buses. This transport can be only public, and is always served by conductors. Bus and trolleybus with the same number move different directions. For example, you can meet two transports with №22 on Nevsky avenue. Be careful , they have different routs.
St. Petersburg used to be known as a tram capital, there was the most developed tram system in Russia. But at the beginning of 2000s city authorities, headed by V. Matvienko, decided, that this transport doesn`t fit to the city center. Instead of modernization they destructed this transport. A number of tram parks were built with housing and business estates, so it`s impossible to reconstruct them. There were several attempts to destruct essential for trams electrostations, including the famous “blockade” electrostation on Fontanka. By summer 2013 there is only one tram line in St. Petersburg center. It connects Sennaya square and Kolomna district with other city districts. There were bought several modern low-ash machines, that are not shameful to show tourists. Tram system in bedroom suburb were not destructed. But the majority of trams are very old wagons of ЛВС-86 issue. Tram-lines in some districts have not been repairing for 20-30 years. But even if some were repaired, it was made with “modern Russian” technologies, when lines become unfit in a year or two. In these circumstances tram has become the most slowly and uncomfortable transport. Though it must be the quickest and most comfortable. Tram stations are remarked with corresponding signs, fixed on the contact wire. Conductor takes fare.
In 2012 St. Petersburg took part in the experiment of using water-ways as routs for public transport.
Aquabuses were put only along Neva river. The main advantage of aquabuses is their independence from traffic jams. Disadvantages – they function only during the navy period (April – October), routs only along Neva river, boats` small capacity. Aqua-buses turned to be used mainly by tourists. No one can guess, if aqua-buses were needed on Moika and Fontanka, the experiment is now being minimized. In 2013 subsidies to transporters were twice reduced. It seems that St. Petersburg is going to reject public aqua transport.
According to Sapsan timetable there 7 seven trips from Moscow to St. Petersburg and back. Trains between two cities run every day and the whole year, and departure at the same time towards each other. Morning and evening trips run off the reel, the other – with short stops on the largest stations. Sapsans also twice a day run between Moscow and Nizhny Novgorod.